نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Historical study of mourning rituals in Islamic cultureچکیده [English]
Crying, grief, sorrow and grief are among the innate instincts of man that God has pledged in his nature as human emotions. According to the verses of the Holy Quran and the holy books of other religions, the divine prophets have also been sad and mournful in the absence of their loved ones based on this natural deposit.
According to authentic historical and hadith reports, the holy Prophet of Islam (PBUH) due to human emotions in the absence of loved ones such as his mother Amina, his son Ibrahim, his uncle Hamza and also Ja'far ibn Abi Talib, Uthman ibn Mazoon, Zayd ibn Haritha, Sa'd ibn Rabi 'and others The martyrs cried and mourned.
The mourning of the Prophet (PBUH) was not limited to the relatives and friends of the deceased, but he was saddened and cried when he heard the news of the martyrdom of Imam Hussein (PBUH) in the future. Other Muslims, following this tradition, mourned in the absence of their loved ones and companions and wore black clothes. Also, based on the tradition of that Imam, in different eras, Muslims in Baghdad, Egypt and other Islamic countries mourned the days of the martyrdom of Imam Hussein (AS) and Shiites and Sunnis held mourning groups on the day of Ashura.